「程序员装B系列」八种CSS3按钮动画特效

简要说明

这是一款CSS3按钮动画特效。在该特效中,提供了八种按钮动画特效。每种特效在鼠标悬停到按钮上面的时候,都会触发按钮动画。


【程序员装B系列】八种CSS3按钮动画特效

代码解析

HTML结构

通用的按钮HTML结构如下。

<div class="item button-jittery" style="--bg-color: #f1c40f;">
<button>Click Me!</button>
<div class="name">Subtlety</div>
</div>

CSS样式

body {
color: #fff;
font-family: "Rubik", sans-serif;
}
.item.footer {
flex-wrap: wrap;
padding: 5rem;
text-align: center;
font-size: 18px;
line-height: 1.7;
grid-column: span 1;
}
@media screen and (min-width: 823px) and (max-width: 1223px) {
.item.footer {
grid-column: span 2;
}
}
.item.footer a {
text-decoration: none;
color: #fff;
padding: 3px 0;
border-bottom: 1px dashed;
}
.item.footer a:hover {
border-bottom: 1px solid;
}
footer {
margin-top: 1.5rem;
}
footer a {
text-decoration: none;
display: inline-block;
width: 45px;
height: 45px;
border-radius: 50%;
background: transparent;
border: 1px dashed #fff;
color: #fff;
margin: 5px;
}
footer a:hover {
background: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.1);
}
footer a .icons {
margin-top: 8px;
display: inline-block;
font-size: 20px;
}
footer a .icons:before {
position: relative;
}
* {
box-sizing: border-box;
}
*:before, *:after {
content: "";
position: absolute;
}
.main-content {
display: grid;
width: 100%;
grid-template-columns: repeat(auto-fit, minmax(400px, 1fr));
}
.main-content .item {
display: grid;
grid-template-rows: 1fr min-content;
align-items: center;
justify-content: center;
height: 50vh;
flex-wrap: wrap;
background: var(--bg-color);
}
.main-content .item:not(.footer) {
padding-top: 1rem;
}
button {
background: transparent;
color: #fff;
border: 3px solid #fff;
border-radius: 50px;
padding: 0.8rem 2rem;
font: 24px "Margarine", sans-serif;
outline: none;
cursor: pointer;
position: relative;
transition: 0.2s ease-in-out;
letter-spacing: 2px;
}
.name {
width: 100%;
text-align: center;
padding: 0 0 3rem;
font: 500 14px 'Rubik', sans-serif;
letter-spacing: .5px;
text-transform: uppercase;
text-shadow: 0 1px 1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.4);
}
.button__wrapper {
display: inline-block;
position: relative;
width: 200px;
height: 65px;
display: flex;
justify-content: center;
align-items: center;
}
.button-pulse button {
background: var(--bg-color);
width: 100%;
height: 100%;
position: absolute;
top: 0;
left: 0;
z-index: 2;
}
.button-pulse .button__wrapper:hover .pulsing:before {
animation: pulsing 0.2s linear infinite;
}
.button-pulse .button__wrapper:hover .pulsing:after {
animation: pulsing1 0.2s linear infinite;
}
.pulsing {
width: 99%;
height: 99%;
border-radius: 50px;
z-index: 1;
position: relative;
}
.pulsing:before, .pulsing:after {
width: 100%;
height: 100%;
border: inherit;
top: 0;
left: 0;
z-index: 0;
background: #fff;
border-radius: inherit;
animation: pulsing 2.5s linear infinite;
}
.pulsing:after {
animation: pulsing1 2.5s linear infinite;
}
@keyframes pulsing {
0% {
opacity: 1;
transform: scaleY(1) scaleX(1);
}
20% {
opacity: 0.5;
}
70% {
opacity: 0.2;
transform: scaleY(1.8) scaleX(1.4);
}
80% {
opacity: 0;
transform: scaleY(1.8) scaleX(1.4);
}
90% {
opacity: 0;
transform: scaleY(1) scaleX(1);
}
}
@keyframes pulsing1 {
0% {
opacity: 1;
transform: scaleY(1) scaleX(1);
}
20% {
opacity: 0.5;
}
70% {
opacity: 0.2;
transform: scaleY(1.3) scaleX(1.15);
}
80% {
opacity: 0;
transform: scaleY(1.3) scaleX(1.15);
}
90% {
opacity: 0;
transform: scaleY(1) scaleX(1);
}
}
.button-typewriter button {
width: 100%;
height: 100%;
}
.button-typewriter p {
animation: typing 4s steps(12) infinite;
display: inline-block;
overflow: hidden;
white-space: nowrap;
}
.button-typewriter .button__wrapper:hover p {
animation: blink 0.3s infinite;
}
@keyframes typing {
0% {
width: 0;
}
50% {
width: 100%;
}
55%,
65%,
75% {
opacity: 1;
}
60%,
70% {
opacity: 0;
}
80% {
width: 100%;
}
100% {
width: 0;
}
}
.button-parrot .parrot {
position: absolute;
width: 60px;
text-align: center;
animation: blink 0.8s infinite;
color: transparent;
}
.button-parrot .parrot:before {
content: "Click Me!";
}
.button-parrot .parrot:nth-child(1) {
top: -30px;
left: -40px;
font: 12px/1 "Margarine", sans-serif;
transform: rotate(-20deg);
animation-duration: 0.5s;
}
.button-parrot .parrot:nth-child(2) {
font: 12px/1 "Margarine", sans-serif;
right: -40px;
top: -20px;
transform: rotate(15deg);
animation-duration: 0.3s;
}
.button-parrot .parrot:nth-child(3) {
font: 16px/1 "Margarine", sans-serif;
top: -60px;
left: 15px;
transform: rotate(10deg);
animation-duration: 1s;
}
.button-parrot .parrot:nth-child(4) {
font: 18px/1 "Margarine", sans-serif;
top: -70px;
left: 95px;
transform: rotate(2deg);
animation-duration: 0.7s;
}
.button-parrot .parrot:nth-child(5) {
font: 14px/1 "Margarine", sans-serif;
top: 80px;
left: 105px;
transform: rotate(-20deg);
animation-duration: 0.8s;
}
.button-parrot .parrot:nth-child(6) {
font: 12px/1 "Margarine", sans-serif;
top: 80px;
left: 5px;
transform: rotate(10deg);
animation-duration: 1.2s;
}
.button-parrot button:hover .parrot:before {
content: "Do it!";
width: 70px;
}
@keyframes blink {
25%,
75% {
color: transparent;
}
40%,
60% {
color: #fff;
}
}
.button-hand button:before {
content: "";
font-size: 60px;
transform: scaleX(-1);
right: 0px;
top: -68px;
animation: up-down 1s infinite;
}
.button-hand button .hands:before, .button-hand button .hands:after {
content: "";
font-size: 40px;
opacity: 0;
transition: 0.4s ease-in-out;
}
.button-hand button .hands:before {
transform: rotate(-60deg);
left: -45px;
top: -10px;
}
.button-hand button .hands:after {
transform: rotate(170deg);
right: 30px;
top: 50px;
}
.button-hand button:hover .hands:before {
opacity: 1;
left: -35px;
}
.button-hand button:hover .hands:after {
opacity: 1;
top: 40px;
}
@keyframes up-down {
50% {
margin-top: -20px;
}
}
.button-100 .emoji {
position: absolute;
top: -45px;
left: 0;
width: 35px;
height: 35px;
overflow: hidden;
}
.button-100 .emoji:before {
content: "";
display: inline-block;
animation: give-score 2.5s infinite;
position: relative;
top: 0;
}
.button-100 .emoji:nth-child(2) {
left: 0;
right: 0;
margin: auto;
}
.button-100 .emoji:nth-child(2):before {
animation: give-score 2.5s infinite 0.2s;
}
.button-100 .emoji:nth-child(3) {
left: auto;
right: 0;
}
.button-100 .emoji:nth-child(3):before {
animation: give-score 2.5s infinite 0.4s;
}
.button-100 button:hover .emoji:before {
content: "";
transition: 0.5s ease;
}
@keyframes give-score {
30%,
80% {
top: 0;
}
40%,
70% {
top: 50px;
}
}
.button-pressure marquee {
position: absolute;
width: 90%;
top: 125%;
left: 5%;
font: 18px/1 "Margarine", sans-serif;
}
.button-pressure marquee span {
display: inline-block;
height: 20px;
}
.button-pressure marquee span:not(:last-child) {
margin-right: 130px;
}
.button-pressure button:before {
content: "OMG YAS";
transition: 0.5s ease;
left: 0;
right: 0;
margin: auto;
top: -15px;
font-size: 12px;
opacity: 0;
}
.button-pressure button:hover:before {
animation: omg-yes 1s;
}
.button-rainbow button {
animation: rainbow 3s infinite, heartbeat 0.6s infinite;
background: #c0392b;
}
.button-rainbow button .rainbow {
width: 120px;
height: 120px;
border-radius: 50%;
position: absolute;
left: 0;
right: 0;
margin: auto;
top: -40px;
transition: 0.5s ease;
opacity: 0;
transform: rotate(0);
}
.button-rainbow button .rainbow:before {
content: "";
left: 0;
}
.button-rainbow button:hover .rainbow {
opacity: 1;
animation: rotate-nonstop 0.2s infinite;
}
.button-rainbow button + .name {
color: #444;
}
@keyframes rotate-nonstop {
50% {
transform: rotate(92deg);
}
}
@keyframes omg-yes {
50% {
opacity: 1;
}
100% {
top: -50px;
}
}
@keyframes rainbow {
0% {
background: #1abc9c;
}
10% {
background: #2ecc71;
}
20% {
background: #3498db;
}
30% {
background: #9b59b6;
}
40% {
background: #e74c3c;
}
50% {
background: #e67e22;
}
60% {
background: #f1c40f;
}
70% {
background: #2c3e50;
}
80% {
background: #9b59b6;
}
}
.button-jittery button {
animation: jittery 4s infinite;
}
.button-jittery button:hover {
animation: heartbeat 0.2s infinite;
}
@keyframes jittery {
5%,
50% {
transform: scale(1);
}
10% {
transform: scale(0.9);
}
15% {
transform: scale(1.15);
}
20% {
transform: scale(1.15) rotate(-5deg);
}
25% {
transform: scale(1.15) rotate(5deg);
}
30% {
transform: scale(1.15) rotate(-3deg);
}
35% {
transform: scale(1.15) rotate(2deg);
}
40% {
transform: scale(1.15) rotate(0);
}
}
@keyframes heartbeat {
50% {
transform: scale(1.1);
}
}

作者 | 思齐 | 蚂蚁开源社区大神,资深开发工程师

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